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Feast of Pao Gong

Introduction

The Feast of Bao Gong (Lord Bao) is a religious festival celebrated on the fifteenth day of the second lunar month in Macao. Bao Gong (999-1,062 B.C.) refers to the much-praised Bao Zheng who was a respectable and immortalized household symbol of justice in the ancient China. Born in Hefei (now Anhui) in the Northern Song Dynasty, Bao was given a courtesy name “Xiren” and was entitled a “presented scholar” after passing the imperial examination. During the reign of Emperor Renzong, he was a magistrate in the capital Kaifen who upheld justice and refused to yield to higher powers. In his lifetime, Bao was renowned for his fortitude, stern demeanor, intolerance of injustice and corruption that had desisted and feared complicity and deceit. Bao Gong was considered as a symbol of impartiality and integrity, and a nemesis of evil and crime. As his fame and strength of reputation had long been spread over in the society, he soon became an exemplary of honest and upright official in the feudal times. In addition, he quickly became a popular subject of early vernacular drama and literature in the Yuan Dynasty. Macao is one of the few regions in China that reserves this tradition. During the festival, there are a series of celebration activities held in the Bao Gong Temple near Ruins of St. Paul’s every year. The Temple is well decorated with colorful lanterns and streamers, and there is also lion dance performance on show. 


Origin

The Feast of Bao Gong is a religious festival. Bao Gong was commonly known as Bao Zheng. Born in Hefei (now Anhui) in the Northern Song Dynasty, Bao was given a courtesy name “Xiren” and was a presented scholar in the Song Dynasty. During the reign of Emperor Renzong, he was a magistrate in the capital Kaifen who upheld justice and refused to yield to higher powers. His fortitude, stern demeanor, intolerance of injustice and corruption enabled him to be an idealized honest and upright official, earning a household title of “Bao Qiangtian” (Justice Bao) in the Chinese history. He was also a symbol of impartiality and integrity, and a nemesis of evil and crime. 

In order to commemorate Bao’s integrity and corruption, there is an annual celebration of the Feast of Bao Gong every fifteenth day of the second lunar month. Macao is one of the few regions in China that reserves this tradition. During the festival, there are a series of celebration activities held in the Bao Gong Temple near Ruins of St. Paul’s every year. The Temple is be well decorated with colorful lanterns and streamers, and there is also lion dance performance on show.

Feast of Pao Gong

The Feast of Bao Gong (Lord Bao) is a religious festival celebrated on the fifteenth day of the second lunar month in Macao. Bao Gong (999-1,062 B.C.) refers to the much-praised Bao Zheng who was a respectable and immortalized household symbol of justice in the ancient China. Born in Hefei (now Anhui) in the Northern Song Dynasty, Bao was given a courtesy name “Xiren” and was entitled a “presented scholar” after passing the imperial examination. During the reign of Emperor Renzong, he was a magistrate in the capital Kaifen who upheld justice and refused to yield to higher powers. In his lifetime, Bao was renowned for his fortitude, stern demeanor, intolerance of injustice and corruption that had desisted and feared complicity and deceit. Bao Gong was considered as a symbol of impartiality and integrity, and a nemesis of evil and crime. As his fame and strength of reputation had long been spread over in the society, he soon became an exemplary of honest and upright official in the feudal times. In addition, he quickly became a popular subject of early vernacular drama and literature in the Yuan Dynasty. Macao is one of the few regions in China that reserves this tradition. During the festival, there are a series of celebration activities held in the Bao Gong Temple near Ruins of St. Paul’s every year. The Temple is well decorated with colorful lanterns and streamers, and there is also lion dance performance on show.